Pakistanis is a unique nation that avoids to learn from history.. We are not in mood to change our repetitive mistakes, attitudes, and policies. Unfortunately, our so called political cum feudal and Military establishment strictly followed such policies which always restrained Pakistanis to move forward towards peaceful and progressive future. Pakistani State got on name of Islams and Muslims remain fundamentally religious and security oriented despite of many falls originated on the name of Jihad, sometime against Hindus then for Reds and now operation sweep up for home-grown fanatics.Bhutto with all his political blunders had done a great job of setting up of Hamood-ur-Rehaman War Inquiry Commission, commonly known as the Hamood-ur-Rehaman Commission. It examined 213 witnesses, mostly Pakistani army officers, hundreds of classified documents and army signals between East and West Pakistan. The final report was submitted in November 1974, detailing how political, administrative, military, and moral failings were responsible for the surrender in East Pakistan.
This report has some great findings few are:
“The process of moral degeneration among the senior ranks of the armed forces was set in motion by their involvement in martial law duties in 1958 that these tendencies reappeared and were, in fact intensified when martial law was imposed once again in March 1969 by General Yahya Khan.”
“Due to corruption arising out of the performance of martial law duties, lust for wine and woman, and greed for lands and houses, a large number of senior army officers, particularly those occupying the highest positions, had not only lost the will to fight but also the professional competence necessary for taking the vital and critical decisions demanded of them for the successful prosecution of the war, “.
“In furtherance of their common purpose they did actually try to influence political parties by threats, inducements and even bribes to support their designs, both for bringing some of the political parties and the elected members of National Assembly to refuse to attend the session of the National Assembly scheduled to be held at Dacca on March 3, 1971.
“A fully civil government could not be formed in East Pakistan as had been announced by the ex-President. Dr. Malik an old man and politician had a weak personality. He could not annoy, the Martial Law Administrator (Lt. Gen. A.A.K. Niazi) also because of the unsettled conditions obtaining in the Wing. Gen Niazi, on the other hand, cherished and liked power, but did not have the breadth of vision or ability to understand political implications. He did not display much respect for the civilian Governor; the Army virtually continued to control civil administration”.
“The installation of a civilian governor in September 1971 was merely to hoodwink public opinion at home and abroad. Poor Dr. Malik and his ministers were figureheads only.Real decisions in all important matters still lay with the army. In the first picture of the new Cabinet. Maj. Gen Farman Ali was prominently visible sitting on the right side of the Governor, although he was not a member of the Cabinet.”
The East Pakistan army’s commander, Lt-General A.A.K.Niazi, who the commission said acquired a “notorious reputation for sexual immorality and indulgence in the smuggling of paan from East to West Pakistan”. The inevitable consequence was that “he failed to inspire respect and confidence in the minds of his subordinates with absolute absence of leadership qualities and determination; he also encouraged laxity in discipline and moral standards among the officers and men under his command”.
The Commission recommended Public Trial of the following Officers:
(1) General Yahya Khan, Former Commander-in-chief
(2) General Abdul Hamid Khan, ex Chief of Staff to the President
(3) Lt. Gen. S.G.M.M. Pirzada, ex PSO to the President
(4) Lt. Gen. Gul Hasan ex Chief of General Staff
(5) Maj. Gen. Ghulam Umar ex Second-in -Command of NSC
(6) Maj Gen A O Mitha ex Deputy Corps Commander
(7) Lt. Gen. Irshad Ahmad Khan, ex Commander 1 Corps
(8) Maj Gen Abid Zahid, ex GOC 15 Div
(9) Maj. Gen B.M. Mustafa, ex GOC 18 Div
The Commission recommended Court Martial of the following officers:
(1) Lt Gen A.A.K. Niazi, ex Commander, Eastern Command
(2) Maj Gen Mohammad Jamshed, ex-GOC 36 (ad hoc) Division,
(3) Maj Gen M. Rahim Khan, ex-GOC 39 (ad hoc) Division.
(4) Brig. G.M. Baqir Siddiqui, ex COS, Eastern Command, Dacca
(5) Brig Mohammad Hayat, ex Comd. 107 bde. (9 Div)
(6) Brig. Mohammad Aslam Niazi, ex Comd 53 Bde (39 Ad hoc Div.)
The Commission recommended Departmental Action against the following officers:
(1) Brig. S.A. Ansari, ex-Comd, 23 Bde,
(2) Brig. Manzoor Ahmad, ex-Comd 57 Bde 9 Div
(3) Brig. Abdul Qadir Khan, ex-Comd, 93 Bde. 36 Div
The Commission observed that the suitability of the following officers for continued retention in military service would not be justified:
(1) Maj Gen M.H. Ansari, GOC 9 Div.,
(2) MajGen Qazi Abdul Majid, GOC 14 Div.,
(3) Maj Gen Nazar Hussain Shah, GOC 16 Div
(4) Maj Gen Rao Farman Ali, ex Adviser to the Governor of East Pakistan.
(5) Plus 19 brigadiers.
The Commission further recommended that Armed Services should devise ways and means to ensure: –
(a) That moral values are not allowed to be compromised by infamous behavior particularly at higher levels;
(b) That moral rectitude is given due weight along with professional qualities in the matter of promotion to higher ranks;
(c) That syllabi of academic studies at the military academics and other Service Institutions should include courses designed to inculcate in the young minds respect for religious democratic and political institutions;
(d) That use of alcoholic drinks should be banned in military messes and functions;
(e) That serious notice should be taken of notorious sexual behavior and other corrupt practices
The Action: Nothing ever happened that matched with recommendations of this valuable report.
The army’s role in creating disturbances and political set backs in Pakistan after its greatest military failure was totally ignored by successive Pakistani governments and many of those indicted by the commission were instead rewarded with state rewards and awards. Bhutto, as Prime Minister personally ordered that each and every copy of the report be burnt. A copy of the final report was however saved, which was leaked and published in Indian magazine.So Bhutto was among the first leaders who fooled this nation by wearing clothes of democracy.His predecessors in games of Politics also followed the same theme.So this democracy fool nation is again and again misused by its ruling elite groups who are supported generation wise in this country by foreign hands.
The After effects of military and political somersaults : If few of above action had been initiated sooner after release of this report by political groups against the accused, as recommended by the Commission, the nation could have averted the future coups d’etat which not only completely devastated the political structure as well as the socioeconomic fabric of the state and society and wild elephant of military establishment would have kept in its limits.History has proved that this army has most of time attacked and killed its own people and groups and spent billions on taking control in its own land.West Pakistan, Swat and now on our northern side this dirty games of playing wars were/ are clear examples of “A bail mujahy mar”so as poor in calculation and reminding history facts Pakistani nation doesn’t realize that they have spent their resources on destroying their own-selves by empowering and enriching military.Besides many irreversible, it led to radicalization of the society, which is now clearly visible. The policies of military rules empowered foreign intervention which is so deep-rooted now and the role of intelligence agencies from media management to missing persons is so pervasive that at this time it looks like complicated jigsaw puzzle which has become impossible to understand by public.
What is happening in 2012
- The military still plays the important overt and covert role in ruling this country.
- Illegitimate extensions to Army chief is done by so-called legends of Bhutto just to secure their corrupt tenures.
- Huge defense budget is still cutting down human development in weak and crippled Pakistan rest of Pakistan’s economy is gone into drain of corruption of bureaucracy and political groups.
- The military is in full control of economic, defense and foreign policy.
- According to human rights groups, 5500 persons are missing in Pakistan surely by its own agencies and nobody has any access to them.
- Political ruling group still backing the military unlawful and immoral decisions by giving them political shields.
Present dummy political situation clearly reveals that this country still belongs to 1% people… who can initiate wars, can make any law in this country for themselves , design any political situation which large portion favors military rules and rest give benefits to few political families who come on and off in parliaments
The way Zaradari and his team is trying to implement laws like dual nationality and SC amendments, it is clear that they are backed by military establishment in the way that would create more political fragmentation in the ground level.Formulation of such laws favoring ruling groups shows that intention of ruling groups who are placing worst kind of dual nationality holders on important seats of Pakistan.
The ground realities overtly and covertly indicate that they have designed and tailored the policy to weaken the foundation of the nation. They know very well that in the world of today economic backbone should be strong for the progress and prosperity of the country, whereas piles of arsenal are useless for a country with weak economy but Pakistani rulers still following the opposite path
Let us the claim of our leaders about democracy but when we see their performance toward serving their country and people they members of the Parliament do not look the inhabitants of the country. 95 percent of population of the country is worried about the next meal, the education of their children and medical care. The price hike of the commodities of daily use has made the life of common men miserable. . The election has become only a ‘ show’ of democracy. In fact there never have been any genuine election under strong military establishment. Our election of National and Provincial Assemblies are just to fool its public and foreign medias in the real sense of the word.
The Pakistan existing politics is considered a severe blow to Pakistan’s sovereignty . The stigma of military superiority and national humiliation in democratic period is still going on as we are neglecting our crimes and blunders of past.The US wants/ wanted Pakistan to break up by taking the umbrella of her friendship. It never came to rescue Pakistan at the time of crisis. Under her Dollar supplied friendship the democracy of Pakistan is defined like that . It is a democracy to make fool and buy the people.