Popular Butcher-In -chiefs of Pakistan
May 31, 2011 27 Comments
General Rao Farman Ali
General Farman Ali, having been the Civil Affairs Adviser of Governor of east Pakistan during war of 1971, controlled the operation of such armed militia that operated in support of the Pakistani authority.He blamed the trio, General Yahya, Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and General Pirzada for the Bangladesh crisis. For the military defeat he blamed General AAK Niazi.The Hamood ur rehamn Commision Report (HCR), proved the involvement of Pakistan army personnel in the murders of Bengalis. Gen. Farman Ali categorically denied the charge leveled against him that he had 200 intellectuals killed. The Bengali’s claimed these killings occurred on December 14, and not on December 16 of 1971, as General Farman contends.
Farman Ali was asked about his role in the killings of the Bengali intellectuals on 14 December 1971, couple of days prior to the liberation. Farman Ali partly denied his connivance with this gruesome cold-blooded execution that rivals Hitler’s SS force but he inclined to make Niazi culpable for the crime. What the General said as an effort to clear his name was that it was the work of al-Badr anti-liberation militia, and he only came to know about that once he was in the Indian POW camp. He rather sheepishly agreed that he did control the movement of this militia raised and armed by Civil Affairs Adviser’s office. Al-Badr was essentially controlled by Jamat-e-Islami, but Farman Ali totally declined the suggestion that he did move or authorize any armed group to seize any one from Dhaka University area.
In the book ‘The Betrayal of East Pakistan‘, General Niazi described General Farman as an opportunist, a conspirator and a swindler. Niazi also said, implicating Farman’s involvement in the killing of the intellectuals, that Farman requested Niazi to send him back to Pakistan, for, “Mukti Bahini would kill him of his alleged massacre of the Bangalees and intellectuals on the night of 15-16 December. It was a pathetic sight to see him pale and almost on the verge of break down“
Brigadier Siddique Saliq, another senior military officer during the war, said,” ….He (Farman) was the major general in charge of civil administration. As such nothing would happen which he would not know?…“.
Siddique in his book, Witness to Surrender, wrote,”The plan for operation Searchlight-1 visualized the setting up of two headquarters. Major General Farman with 57 Brigade under Brigadier Arbab, was responsible for operations in Dacca city and its suburbs while Major General Khadim Raja was to look after the rest of the province. In addition Lieutenant General Tikka Khan and his staff were to spend the night at the Martial Law Headquarters in the Second Capital to watch the progress of action in and outside Dacca
Mr Hasan Zahir, a Pakistani civil servant wrote: “ Major General Farman Ali was the executioner of Dhaka part of ‘Operation Searchlight’. He succeeded in ‘shock action’ by concentrated and indiscriminate firing on target areas…….”
General Zia ul Haq
Zia ul haq was Brigadier in 1969, stationed in Jordan from 1967 to 1970 as a Brigadier, helping in the training of Jordanian soldiers, as well as leading the training mission into battle during the Black September operations as commander of Jordanian 2nd Division, a strategy that proved crucial to King Hussein’s remaining in power.. He is still highly respected in royal circles of Jordan for his role in the Black September operations in support of King Hussein, where he commanded Jordan’s 2nd division. Zia’s troops were heavily involved in street-to-street urban fighting and are credited with killing scores of Palestinians.During Black September the head of Pakistani training commission took command of the 2nd Division and helped kill and cleanse the Palestinians (est. 25,000 dead) from Jordan.The butcher was awarded Jordan’s highest honor for the services rendered.
Zia launched the coup code-named “Operation Fairplay” against Bhutto on 5 July 1977 .The first elected PM was hanged under his reign and during this large amounts of political leaders and their followers were arrested,tortured, killed to cease the political process inf Pakistan urban areas and Bhutto’s hanging was made an example for people of Pakistan. It ushered in Pakistan’s longest period of military rule.
What is Black September?
September 1970 is known as the Black September in Arab history and sometimes is referred to as the “era of regrettable events.” It was a month when King Hussein of Jordan moved to quash the autonomy of Palestinian organizations and restore his monarchy’s rule over the country. The violence resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands of people, the vast majority Palestinian. Armed conflict lasted until July 1971 with the expulsion of the PLO and thousands of Palestinian fighters to Lebanon.
On September 15, King Hussein declared martial law. The next day, Jordanian tanks (the 60th Armored Brigade) attacked the headquarters of Palestinian organizations in Amman; the army also attacked camps in Irbid, Salt, Sweileh,Baq’aa, Wehdat and Zarqa. Then the head of Pakistani training mission to Jordan, Brigadier Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (later Chief of Army Staff and President of Pakistan), took command of the 2nd division. In addition, the Iraqi army in Jordan after 1967 war serving as a reserve forces supported the Jordanian army.
Arafat later claimed that the Jordanian army killed between 10,000 and 25,000 Palestinians.
Brigadier Zia ul haq, who was at that time heading the training mission to Jordan and headed the 2nd Jordanian Division, when came back to Pakistan his name was suggested for Court Martial due to his role in Black September and for the killings of Palestinians. There was anger among people regarding this act. But due to unknown reason than Chief of Army Staff General Gul Hassan removed his name from the list which was sent to then President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. Instead of a Court Martial he was promoted to the rank of Major General. He was than in next few years again get promoted to the ranks of Lt General by “special attention”. He was latter made Chief of Army Staff ahead of seven other senior officials. All this top flight from Brigadier to the Chief of Army Staff was completed in just 6 years after the Black September.
Unjustified political promotions in military ranks are one of reasons of political down fall in Pakistan as those were incompetent and over ceded generals who then look for suitable opportunity and orders from CIA to overthrow the elected political Government.
General Naseer ullah Babar
The Pathan Tablighi party known as the Taliban was created by Pakistan’s ISI out of the refugee community in Pakistan and shaped into a rebel force under Pakistan Minister of the Interior General Naseerullah Babar. General Babar was not leader of Jamait Islami but had a narrow minded approach of giving Pusthun supremacy in the region against growing Tajik popularity through support of Russians.JI at that time was a political party that controlled the maddrasahs (religious schools) where the Talibs (students) we recruited to create Taliban.It was idea of Gen Babar to Benazir Bhutto to accept Taliban to get Jamiat-e-Ulema-i-Islami support for her coalition Government.Taliban nominally invaded Afghanistan but up until at least Kabul, Pakistani soldiers were dressing up as Taliban and supporting the rabble. Command and control was by Pakistani Army officers. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) and the Pakistani airforce service Taliban MiG jets and helicopters.
The General was a covert warrior in Afghanistan. He advised Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto to train Islamist militants in Afghanistan starting in 1973 – 6 years before the Soviet invasion. Later as Benazir’s interior minister he was the largest proponent of backing the Taliban in Afghanistan. Under his command operation of killing anti taliban was swiftly carried out in 1980s in Kabul when Faisal Shezad’s father Vice marshal Bharulhaq was posted in Kabul as military Attache of Pakistan.Young Faisal Shezad learn his basic lesson of jihad in the embassy compound of Pakistan where all time plans were made to provide supremacy to newly built force Taliban under Pakistan army guidance.
Hundreds of young men were killed and tortured during this regime to maintain the supremacy of Naseeullah Babar ‘s platoons of talibans.He was also a main suspect of planning the assassination of Shiekh Abdullah Azam, a Palestinian preacher involved in the anti-Soviet jihad in Afghanistan. This does not negate his bull-headed courage. But a balanced assessment of his public life would be grossly incomplete without it.
Later on his service of butchery was used in Karachi .His legacy also includes being an architect of “Operation Cleanup” in Karachi. In this process , safe passage was provided to top leadership of MQM to foreign heavens and poor misguided boys were left on the mercy of military operations which extensively used principle of extrajudicial target killing as per habit of Pakistan army for sweeping the irritating elements. The spree of extra-judicial murders reached at its zenith in 1994 when the then Interior Minister, General Naseerullah Khan Babar took the reigns of alleged operation in his hand. From1994 to 1996 (till the ouster of Ms Bhutto`s second government), the MQM had intended to nominate Mr Babar in almost all the FIRs in connection with extra-judicial killings of its activists, which understandably could not be done as the police had refused to register FIR against the former interior minister.
General Pervaiz Musharf
Musharraf was in power during the period after September 11, 2001 and the launching of the U.S.’s so-called war on terror. The old story of Pakistani management by superseding many officers he was upgraded by Shairf and then faced same consequences as seen by Bhutto but here the cowardice nature of Sharif guided him to flee to Saudia through their support, the only power that can shut up the mouth of military chiefs of Pakistan.
After 9/11, Pakistan was forced or manipulated to play a central role in the invasion of Afghanistan U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell, gave him a choice: “You are either with us or against us.” Powell’s deputy told a Musharraf deputy what would happen if he made the wrong choice: Pakistan “should be prepared to be bombed back to the Stone Age.” (From Musharraf’s autobiography, In the Line of Fire).
The answer from Musharraf and the Pakistani ruling classes was not straightforward, however participating in the U.S.-led war on Afghanistan and the Taliban took Pakistan in the opposite direction where it had been going in the previous two decades. Helping the Islamist jihadis and considering them their strategic assets in its contention with India. Taking the 180 degree turn, to change the dimensions of old concept of Pakistan’s ruling classes which they had achieved through years of investment and typical orthodox theme of jihad for Islam and Muslim brothers, created serious kind of polarization political military and social circles of Pakistan
So Musharraf assigned task by CIA was different where he had to start and lead the campaign against those fundamentalist groups who were once are military partners of Pakistan army in supplying man power. With this, Musharraf made himself the U.S.’s official most important “non-NATO ally.”‘ The reward was billion dollars U.S. aid, mainly to strengthen the Pakistani army .The mass operation begun by on the same steps of arresting, torturing, and killing of cavemen but now every thing was reversed and f or years Pakistan exported Islamist-based war to other neighboring countries; now it began importing it its home grounds and urban areas.
Swat operation, Lal masjid , Waziristan, bajur, Mohamannnd all area/agencies were first come under attack of Pakistan army then were eventually handed over to US and NATO forces spreading their military networks in all over Pakistan with the consent of Musharraf, a chief executive of Pakistan following the motto of Pakistan’s first for all kind of US mercenaries.