January 31, 2011 32 Comments
Since the creation of Pakistan different kind of Wars taken among years 1948, 1965, 1971, 1999 and then war on terror initiated on 2001 in our northern border and still going on in different patches of North Waziristan.
Standard ISPR Press Release.
As usual our ISP taken task of raising the moral of countrymen and soldiers high , surely keeping national interests in mind .The over summary of success issued after the wars are same whatever the real ground realities are ”
The victory of Pakistan taken place in three wars with India. Pakistan defeated India in war of Azad Kashmir in 1948, indo-Pak war 1965 and kargil war 1999.
Pakistan won against India in Azad Kashmir War 1948 with freed of one-third Kashmir. The Indo-Pak war in 1965 Pakistan army successfully defend their country. Although India claim that 1965 war was a war on level i-e 50-50 no one wins nor lose but still Pakistan got victory in this war. Finally the major success was taken place by Pakistan in Kargil war 1999. In kargil war Pakistan army destroyed Indian army. Pakistan army was in minority with respect to Indian army, the ration of Pakistan army with Indian army war 1:30 but Pakistan mujaheddin fight with India and finally got victory.”
If situation would have limited to ISPR statement then surely one should have no objections as it is matter of security concern but such lies of Pandora box has been fixed as part of our history without considering that distortion of real historical facts can be reason of break down of any nation .Covering failures with false lies can ensue the inefficiency of any work performance and institutes.
Lets start one by one
First Kashmir War 1947
It was fought between Pakistan and India over the region of Kashmir from 1947 to 1948
The objective of the invasion was to capture control of the Kashmir valley including its principal city, Srinagar, the summer capital of the state. The Operation is named as Gulmarg under Maj gen Akbar khan.
A UN cease-fire was arranged for the 31 December 1948. A few days before the cease-fire the Pakistanis launched a counter attack, which cut the road between Uri and Poonch. After protracted negotiations a cease-fire was agreed to by both countries, which came into effect. of August 13, 1948,under UN on January 5, 1949. This required Pakistan to withdraw its forces, both regular and irregular, while allowing India to maintain minimum strength of its forces in the state to preserve law and order.
In all, 1,500 soldiers died on each side during the war and Pakistan was able to acquire roughly two-fifths of Kashmir, including five of the peaks of the world, while India maintained the remaining three fifths of Kashmir, including the most populous and fertile regions.
Second Kashmir war in 1965
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 was fought in duration of April 1965 and September 1965 between two claimers of Kashmir. . The following Pakistan’s operation Gibralatar was designed to infiltrate forces into J&K to provided aide to rising insurgency against India.The five-week war caused thousands of casualties on both sides.
it was interesting feature of this war which was deleted in our history pages that Major General Akhtar Hussain Malik Qadiayni General of Pak army) who was commander of that operation made a successful strike across Chamb-Jaurian sector. He captured Akhnoor and was approaching Tawai river. The enemy was dislodged and Indians were planning further withdrawal but surprrised moves was done by General Ayub who was present of Pakistan made a surprised move he called Gen Akthar back from field by giving charge to Gen yahya.It was said that Gen Akthar handed over the command in utter disgust.
Gen Sarfraz Khan who commanded Lahore sector in 1965 in an article in Daily Jang Lahore September 6, 1984 said about this military victory snatched out of the hands of Gen Malik.
Again UN mandated cease firs was announced with subsequent Tashkent Declaration.
It was said that war was planned on the orders of US people who have equipped Pak army with one of modern war weaponsand assured victory to our political military leaders against giant India who that period didnt proceed toward modern technology of war fare.
The another reason of partial failure was poor intelligence that also assured Pak army planners before commencement that discontented Kashmir people would revolt against Indian rulers. The Kashmiri people, however, did not revolt and Pakistan hardly achieved her goals of vast military operations.
The balance of victory is almost equal on both the side however both declared victory on each other.
As rough estimate India gained 1,840 square kilometers of Pakistani territory: 640 square kilometers in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan’s portion of the state; 460 square kilometers of the Sailkot sector; 380 square kilometers far to the south of Sindh; and most critical, 360 square kilometers on the Lahore front. Pakistan took 540 square kilometers of Indian territory: 490 square kilometers in the Chhamb sector and 50 square kilometers around Khem Karan.
Partiton of Pakistan in 1971 war
The autocratic rulers in the western wing throughout kept dominance on the basis of economic and politician empowerment on r weak Bengali community in east Pakistan .It had started developing huge kind of polarization in east Pakistan since 1948.The established west wing rulers were in favor of a centralized govt which with a passage of time proved to be incapable of harmonizing the political and social repulsive forces emerging from eastern wing of nation.
Under Yayah khan leadership as President and supreme commander of armed forces the whole infrastructure of govt was highly centralised and dominated by army.Although pakistan has deployed 40,000 troops after start of guerilla wars and preceding terrorist activities there but over moral of army and public servants who were imported from west Pakistan was very weakened due to hostility of local.At the beginning of December, Islamabad had realized that the Indians were massing to attack into East Pakistan and they were being unable to secure strong areas near major roads and railway racks of larger towns .Indian on the other side moved forces through sodden terrain of Bengal where Bengali local community supported their intervention as Pak army has gained repute of genocide of Bengali group and raping women folk to demoralize the general public.
Due to lack of strategic reserves available Pakistan couldn’t back the Indian’s advancement and history has recorded on e of shameful defeat in Pakistan’s account .
On December 15, the Pakistanis requested cease fire and General Niazi, commander of Pakistan’s forces in Decca, signed an unconditional surrender. The war ended and Bangladesh was a reality.
So this defeat is put in accounts of not only military failures but discredit to political groups who tried to disown a class on the basis of difference of race, language, culture and geography.
Both military repression and political oppression was implemented without a serious attempt to rectify the causes of grievances’.
Jihad war in 1979
General mohd Ziaulhaq who toppled the govt of Bhutto had become reason of hanging a poltical icon of Pakistan.That miltiary coup had backed of US who wer intersted of creaitng hurdles in front of Red Army and as usually Pakistani generals were the first who offered their man power as un limited force to all kind of super powers attack.
Zia now found himself in a position to demand billions of dollars in aid for the Mujahideen from the Western states, famously dismissing a United States proposed $325 million aid package as “peanuts”. Pakistan’s ISI andSSG now became actively involved in the conflict, and in cooperation with the Central Intelligence Agency as supported the armed struggle against the Soviets.
The war left deep scars to the Pakistani society with the menace of Kalashnikov culture spreading all over the country.It is estimated that there are currently 20 million firearms in Pakistan, which has a population of about 175 million(as of July 2010) i.e., almost every ninth person has a firearm, most likely an automatic one.The rise of the drug trade and its spread through Pakistan to the rest of the world increased tremendously during the Soviet-Afghan war. Afghanistan’s drug industry began to take off after the Soviet invasion in 1979. Desperate for cash with which to buy weapons, various elements in the anti-Communist resistance turned to the drug trade.
kargil war 1999
Kargil and siachen borders are considered one of world’ toughest border areas where casualties, injuries and running cost of maintaining that border due to extreme weather is more than any expected combat.Kargil before war was considered as unoccupied military position. Here each piece of bread for a soldier costs between Rs 50 0 in the high snow-bound mountains. Deaths from frostbite and cold exceed those in actual combat by a ratio of five to one.
It was April 6 in 1999 when the Pakistan army under the leadership of Gen Musharraf and the Kashmiri insurgents had captured Kargil heights. About 2,000 of them had infiltrated themselves in Drass mountains from where they could direct accurate artillery fire up to 20km of the national highway and cripple the Indian posts.
Pakistan army under the COAS General Musharraf had gone to another adventure as an attempt to reach Srinagar after declaration of Pakistan nuclear test In May 1998.
The Kargil war was an armed conflict that took place between India and Pakistan in year 1999, in district of Kashmir. The reason for this war was due to the infiltration of Pakistani soldiers and Kashmiri militants into Indian Line of control.
Pakistani claims gave two figures. The figure of 357 soldiers dead was challenged by some Pakistani officials, who claimed that 4,000 Pakistani soldiers were killed in the conflict. Pakistan also confirmed that more than 665 Pakistani troops were wounded and 8 were captured.On the other side 527 Indian soldiers, mostly young cadres and officers lost their lives and over 1,000 were injured.Kargil highlighted the gross inadequacies in the surveillance capability, particularly through satellite imagery. There was a complete intelligence failure. The army had no knowledge when actually the Pakistani troops captured the glacial heights of Kargil.
The Indian army launched its final attacks in the last week of July on the Drass sub sector had been cleared of Pakistani forces, the fighting ceased on July 26. The day has since been marked as Kargil Vijay Diwas (Kargil Victory Day) in India. By the end of the war, India had resumed control of all territory south and east of the Line of Control, as was established in Simla Agreement.
It was also said by international media that Pakistan was preparing to use nuclear missiles against India during the Kargil war but refrained after receiving serious warning from Clinton.So this war can be considered as near miss of triggering nuclear arms which are now in range of two rivals of subcontinent where more than 60 % people are living on poverty line.
War on terror started year 200 1
Following the September 11, 2001 attacks in cities of US conducted by Saudis nationals were shifted to Pakistani side under the obligatory intelligence reports prepared by CIA and our adventuress commando again missed no chance of throwing whole nation into this war which is absolutely taking us toward stone age patterns.Nobody knows that whether it was solely Musharraf decision to participate in this war game by expecting all charges of CIA or either this military coup was encouraged by CIA which followed the incident of 911.
911 incident was complete failure of US military intelligence , and break down of airport security procedures and involvement of Saudi participants were obvious but how it was escalated in thickly populated Muslims areas on the basis of such reports which even can’t foresee the disaster of 911 in heart of superpower.
At initial stage Pak forces along with NATO forces launched different operation to kill or arrest top leadership of Taliban and so-called Al qaeda leadership who were hiding in Pakistan and forming war groups on the basis of religious ideology imported from Wahabi and Deobandi groups.These were almost same men who were once blue boys of establishment and trained to such an extent that they had launched successful combats against USSR.They all were expert of guerrilla war tactics, suicidal bombing and using all kind of modern weapons.
On February 18, 2010, the Pakistani military confirmed that since September 11, 2001, 2,351 soldiers have been killed in the war and another 6,512 have been wounded. Also, there have been 21,672 civilian casualties (at least 7,598 of these were killed). The military stated that 17,742 militants have been killed or captured Among these, by November 2007, were 488 foreign extremists killed, 24 others arrested and 324 injured. An additional 220 policemen were killed in fighting in 2007 and 2008.
During this 10 years Pakistan army conducted many military operations within soil of Pakistan for searching top terrorist including swat operation, FATA, Waziristan, Lal mosque in Islamabad and in response Pakistani public faced hundreds of suicidal attack s on their lives , property and even GHQ building which is a symbol of Pakistan security and it was badly hit by trained terrorists and some handful of terrorists had kept his building and its people under siege for more than 24 hours.
- All wars in Pakistan except 1948 were planned when Commander and chief had all kind of executive powers and control on federation.
- Almost in all wars Americans backed Pakistani army and only withdrawal its support in 1971 defeat.
- All Generals under whom these wars are planned and executed have become richest man of Pakistan and there business ventures are not popualr in Pakistan but they have unlimited assets in all over the world and on the other hand Pakistan and Pakistani public are tending toward worst financial conditions in which even minimal arrangement of living are not left in their control.
- Most of wars are executed from Pakistan side on the basis of occupying part of Kashmir which is under control of Indian govt.No doubt peace is necessary for the Kashmiris, and the people of South Asia and but both India and Pakistan still are in difficult situation to give benefit to their citizens and keep busy them in war like situation.instead of providing them sense of security through stability and promise of a better future both parties put them in state of troubles via implementing war strategies.
- India and Pakistan both are paying for their policy mistakes. Obsessed with each other military strength, and irrationally engaged in an unwinnable arms race and nuclear posturing, they have neglected internal security and the social development of their people, and placed this part of the subcontinent as one of the most dangerous regions in the world.
- Super powers and many western countries exploiting this psychology by selling arms to both. In the first six months of the 2002 conflict, Britain issued 148 military exports licenses to India and 18 to Pakistan. The US signed defense deals with both the countries during the same period. China, Russia, Israel and France are also in the fray to make money out of madness of our leadership. These are the same countries that publicly termed South Asia as the nuclear flash point of the world, but continue to quietly sell arms to the two rivals.
- The Pakistani army is now stretched fighting against those elements once they had nurtured as strategic assets. Terrorist violence in Pakistan claimed nearly 4,000 civilian casualties from January 2009 to September 2010. With the country polarized along religious, ethnic and sectarian grounds, and devastating floods impacting over 20 million people this year, it will take a mammoth effort on part of the Pakistani establishment to bring the country out of its financial whirlpool.We are left on the mercy of these terrorists and fighting the terrorist groups selectively will be hugely detrimental to Pakistan’s own cause. It is high time to get rid of policy compulsions based on enmity have left us to deal with fragmented nations on the basis of religious and ethnic differences,, tools of terror and weapons of mass destruction.
- It is ironic that after a six decade-long rivalry India and Pakistan have no option other than to opt long-term peace plans if they want to focus on suppressing the violence within their respective borders. Houses should be in order by accepting all past mistakes.We need to be highlighted the human development costs spared for civilians so that frustration of living beings of Pak India might dissipate and nothing like Tunisia or Egypt would be seen on our roads.